Food, Water & Climate Change

Food, Water & Climate Change: Stats and Facts

Food insecurity, malnutrition and undernutrition are major threats to the world’s poor.

Globalized industrial agriculture, poverty, climate change and gender

The intersection of commodification of lands, industrialized agriculture, climate change and gender inequality threaten food and nutrition insecurity worldwide.

Norms, food security and gender

Social norms and gender inequality have important impacts on women’s food and nutrition security within households.

  • WFP reports a close correlation between food insecurity and gender-based violence (GBV). When it comes to the provision and distribution of humanitarian assistance, the gender and generational differences of food security, such as the cultural and social context of access to and distribution of resources, distinct nutrition needs – particularly for pregnant and lactating mothers, and livelihood activities and roles – are pivotal to ensure equal access and avoid negative consequences.
    Reference: Pattugalan, G. (2014). Linking food security, food assistance and protection from gender-based violence: WFP's experience.

Gender roles and nutrition

Evidence points to the important role of women – particularly as mothers – for child nutrition outcomes.

Gender equality and food security

Education is key. One study showed that women's education contributed 43% of the reduction in child malnutrition over time, while food availability accounted for 26%. Surveys in a wide range of countries have shown that 85–90% of the time spent on household food preparation is women’s time. Given all of this, levers for realizing food and nutrition security have important gendered implications – both for supporting women’s rights and enabling their leadership.