Sexual & Reproductive Health Rights

Sexual & Reproductive Health Rights: Stats and Facts

Despite the range of available modern contraceptive methods, the unmet need for modern contraception continues to be high in developing and disaster-affected countries.

  • In least developed countries, only 40% of women (married or in relationships) use any kind of contraception. In Africa, only 33% do so. [1] This can be made worse in situations of conflict and emergencies. For example, a study on contraception access in conflict-affected Northern Uganda (2004-2005) found that 91% of female Acholi adolescents had trouble accessing condoms.[2]
    References: 1. UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Trends in Contraceptive Use Worldwide: 2015. 2. UNFPA (2016). Adolescent girls in disaster and conflict: interventions for improving access to sexual and reproductive health services.
  • In most countries within Sub-Saharan Africa, less than half of sexually active men (aged 15-24) use any contraceptive method or rely on their partner’s method.
    Reference: The Guttmacher Institute (2003). In Their Own Right: addressing the sexual and reproductive health needs of men worldwide.
  • Unmet need for modern contraception is particularly high among these groups: adolescents, migrants, urban slum dwellers, refugees and women in the postpartum period – particularly those in developing countries, with low income and limited education.
    Reference: Guttmacher Institute (2016). Unmet need for Contraception in Developing Countries. 2016 data: WHO (2016). Fact sheet: family planning/contraception.

Power and SRHR

Within populations, unequal power relationships – at home, school, work and beyond – exacerbate risks to SRHR:

Criminalization of sexual and reproductive rights and its impact

Criminalization and denial of contraception and abortion services risks lives:

Social and political structures shaping SRHR

Social norms and values shape GBV dynamics, sexual and reproductive health related behaviors of individuals as well as the attitudes and response of communities and institutions. For example, a review of studies on young people’s sexual behaviors found:

Gains and progress toward SRHR

Research findings analyzed across a broad range of countries underpins an emerging consensus that reproductive health improvements extend life expectancy for mothers and children.